St. Barths Online

Aquatic flora of St. Barts


Water Lily (Nymphea Rudgeana)


There are several varieties of water lily in the Caribbean. Usually they are aquatic herbs with underground stems and large round floating leaves (from 4-16 inches in diameter) at the end of a long stalk. They originate from India. The stalk of the N. Rudgeana species is a brownish color, the flowers are white and sweet-smelling, the sepals white on the inside and green on the outside. The numerous petals and yellow styles are grouped in the centre. the petals remain after fruiting and gradually turn a reddish color
Flowering: variable, all year round.
Propagation: by seed.


Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes)


this aquatic plant either floats or beds in the mud, and grows well in ponds, pools or simply a water-filled hollow. It originates from the south of the United States. Its leaves are thick, shiny and very green. The vesicular petiol keeps the plant afloat and the limb, generally kidney-shaped, is either horizontal or erect. The fairly large blue or mauve flowers (1-3 inches in diameter) are borne in spikes. The top petal of each flower, wider than the others, has a purple spot with a yellow centre.
Flowering: from March to July.
Propagation: is simple, by breaking off the numerous shoots.


Coromandel (Asystasia Gangetica)


This small herbaceous plant originates from Malaysia. It has ramifying stems and simple leaves of various shapes and sizes. The abudant flowers are white, cream or mauve, and measure about 1 inch in diameter. This undermanding plant stands up well to unfavorable conditions but prefers some shade. Naturalized, it is found growing along fences and walls, cultivated in flower-beds or wild.
Flowering: all year round
propagation: is by cuttings or seeds (one tenth of an inch across).


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